Special Category Data
Special categories of personal data
Certain types of sensitive personal data are subject to additional protection under the GDPR. These are listed under Article 9 of the GDPR as “special categories” of personal data. The special categories are:
- Personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin.
- Political opinions.
- Religious or philosophical beliefs.
- Trade union membership.
- Genetic data and biometric data processed for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person.
- Data concerning health.
- Data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation.
Processing of these special categories is prohibited, except in limited circumstances set out in Article 9 of the GDPR.